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|МОУ «Яльчикская средняя общеобразовательная школа |
Яльчикского района Чувашской Республики»
План - конспект
открытого урока английского языка
в 11 «б» классе
по теме «Изобретения»
Составила: Лапшина Т.Н.,
учитель английского языка
Яльчики, 2010 г.
Повышение и развитие коммуникативных способностей учащихся, умения вести монологическую и диалогическую речь.
1. Активизировать употребление лексики по теме «Изобретения, которые потрясли мир».
2.Практиковать учащихся в аудировании и устной речи.
3.Повторить употребление общих и специальных вопросов.
4.Совершенствование навыков работы с компьютером в среде POWER POINT с использованием английского языка.
5.Повторение правильного построения английского предложения.
T: Good morning. Glad to see you. How are you?
P: Fine, Thanks. And you?
T: OK.Thank you.
T: Sit down, please. Who is on duty today? Ask questions, please!
T: So, today we’ll speak about inventions and inventors.
Photocopie, diesel, laser, kodak camera, lego bricks, typewriter, steam engine, dynamite, frozen food, tyres, electric cell, video cassette tape, canned food, helicopter, match.
III. Речевая зарядка.
T: Now answer my questions, please. What units and machines do you use in your household?
P1.: Many of them: a car, a computer, a refrigerator, a vacuum cleaner and so on.
T: I see. What is the most useful thing for your Mum?
P2.: In my opinion, it is a washing machine.
T: What unit or machine can’t you do without?
P3.: It is my computer.
T :What thing can’t your Dad live without?
P4.: Without his car, to my mind.
T: What thing do you use every day?
P5.: I think, it is my hairdryer.
T: What thing can you easily do without?
P6.: I hope, it is a sewing machine. I hardly ever use it.
T: What is the most useless thing in your household?
P7.: It is a video recorder. I am always lack of time to use it.
T: What thing do you use regularly?
P8: I can’t live without my mobile telephone.
T: What is your favourite unit?
P9: I think it is my camera. I am fond of taking pictures.
T: What about you?
P10: I like watching TV.
T: I see. Well, you use many units and machines. And do you know the names of people who invented them?
P11: I’d name such of them as Alexander Graham Bell, Karl Benz, Tomas Alva Edison, Frez and Yakovlev and so on.
IV. Тренировка учащихся в восприятии речи на слух.
T: Now you will listen to a text about one of them, a famous American inventor Tomas Alva Edison. In the text you’ll meet the following words:
Tomas Alva Edison (1847-1931)
A boss – хозяин
To be awake – бодрствовать
To shake (shook, shaken) –потрясти
An hour – час
A hand (of a clock) –стрелка
To lose (lost, lost) – потерять
To be patented – быть запатентованным
An award =a prize
Be attentive. After you have listened to the text, you’ll have to choose the best title for it and do some other tasks. I’ll read it twice.
When Edison was a boy of fifteen, he worked as a telegraph operator. He had to be on duty at night, from 7 o’clock in the evening till 7 o’clock in the morning. But at night there was never much work and telegraph operators usually slept. So the boss ordered each operator to give a signal every hour to show that he was awake. Edison’s signals always came at the same time, at the beginning of each new hour. That surprised the boss. So one night he sent an inspector to see how well the boy was working.
When the inspector opened the door, he saw Edison sleeping in his chair. The inspector was going to shake the boy, when he saw a clock with a mechanism on the table near the telegraph apparatus. He waited to see what would happen. When the hand of the clock pointed to the hour, the mechanism began to work and sent a signal.
The inspector went up to the boy and shook him. Edison awoke. He was told that he had lost his job.
This story explains why the first of Edison’s many inventions was never patented.
T: Is everything clear?
Listen to it again.
T: Now do the test, please.
First choose the best title out of three given.
Then find the false answer.
After that complete the sentences according to the text.
And at last answer the question.
Only one variant is correct.
a. Edison worked as a telegraph operator.
b. He had to be on duty at night.
c. There was never much work at night.
d. The telegraph operators usually slept at night.
e. The boss himself came to see how well the operators were working.
3. Complete the following sentences:
1) The boss ordered each operator a) to give a signal every hour;
b) to have lunch at night.
2) When the inspector opened the door, he saw
a) Edison reading a newspaper.
b) Edison sleeping in his chair.
3) The inspector told the boy that
a) he would be given an award for his job;
b) he had lost his job.
4. Why did the boss send an inspector to see how well Edison was working?
a. Edison used to read while working.
b. Edison wanted more money for his job.
c. He was surprised that Edison’s signals always came at the same time.
Ready? Collect your sheets of paper.
T: Thank you.
V. Физкультминутка для глаз.
T: Are your eyes tired? Let them have a rest. Stand up, please!
1) Close your eyes tightly. Open your eyes (3 times).
2) Look left. Look right. (3 times).
3) Look up. Look down. (3 times).
4) Draw figure 8 with your eyes.
That’ll do. Thank you. Take these places.
VI. Развитие умений монологической речи.
T: Your classmates have prepared presentations about different inventions that we use in our life. Tanya M., come here. Everybody, listen to Tanya, please. Volodya, will you help her, please.
Tanya: (Computers and INTERNET)
Slide № 1.
It is strange to think that one of the most powerful and richest businesses in the world is a bit more than 30 years old. I mean computer business. Computers are widely used in offices, banks, educational institutions and in households.
Slide № 2.
Here you can see some stages of the development of INTERNET. More than 1 billion people use it nowadays. The next, please.
Slide № 3.
I’ve also got a computer. I use it all the time: as a typewriter and address book, for playing games, listening to music, watching films. Besides I can go on Internet and discover everything about anything. It is a brilliant source of information. The next slide, please.
Slide № 4.
Though my parents say I can’t rely on all the Internet information because I don’t know where it’s coming from. More than that, psychologists now recognize a new illness caused by computers: Internet Addiction Syndrome (IAS). It is similar to gambling, smoking, drinking. Many users spend up to 40 hours a week on the Internet. All this results in broken relationships, job losses, financial ruin and even suicide.
T: Thank you. Any questions to Tanya?
P1: You are an Internet user. Aren’t you an Internet addict?
Tanya: No, I am not.
T: I am sure it does. I think “a five” is just a mark you deserve. Thank you. Take your place. We’ve got one more presentation. Meet Olesya.
Olesya G.:( A car is the most important invention in)
A car is one of the most useful inventions in our life.
The world’s first petrol-driven car was produced by Karl Benz in Germany in 1885.
The first Russian automobile was designed by P.A.Frez and E.A.Yakovlev. It had been built by May 1896.
An American technological genius Henry Ford built an automobile which had a speed of 25 miles per hour in 1896. He established the Ford Motor Company and first used an assembly line. It was a revolution in cars production. Henry Ford had more than 1 billion US dollars and spent more than 40 million dollars on charities.
Nowadays people couldn’t possibly live without cars. Conveniences seem to be evident:
Of course, we can’t ignore the problems caused by cars:
T: Thank you. Any questions to Olesya?
P2: Has your family got a car?
Olesya: Yes, we’ve got a car.
P2: Do you attend driving courses?
Olesya: Yes, I do. And in summer I am going to receive a driving license.
P2: I see. I wish you good luck.
T: I wish you good luck too. Your mark is…
T: Nastya has also prepared a presentation. You are welcome, Nastya.
I think it is the most useful invention that I can imagine. We always need to keep in touch with people, offices and different institutions. The next slide, please.
The first telephone was invented by an American engineer Alexander Graham Bell in 1876.
Modern telephones can be divided into stationary, cordless and mobile. At home I’ve got a cordless telephone. I think it saves time when you have a receiver just at hand. I’ve also got a mobile telephone.
I couldn’t possibly live without my phone.
But my Mum is against. She thinks it is a luxury to have a mobile, it is too expensive, and it is more trouble than it’s worth. Besides she says that mobiles are dangerous for health. And more than that, you may fall a victim of robbers.
T: Any questions?
P3: Do you agree with your Mum?
Nastya: I am not sure if it is really so dangerous. But to use it is extremely convenient.
T: Thank you, Nastya. It was brilliant. Your mark is “five». Take your place. And now one more presentation. Alina R.
Alina: (TV or not TV)
People all over the world are considered to be very enthusiastic TV viewers. Television is the main source of information for millions of them. It keeps us up-to-date with what happens in the world. It educates and entertains us. We can’t imagine our life without TV. The next slide, please.
Watching television has become the most popular leisure activity since John Logie Baird from Scotland invented it in 1926. Modern television sets are provided with remote-control units, the first of which was created in 1950. A remote-control unit helps a viewer to turn the picture and sound on and off and turn from channel to channel from a distance, which is very convenient.
People watch TV for different reasons. Here are some types of TV viewers.
He leaves TV on all day. In the meantime he eats, phones, reads or does his homework. For him television is really just background noise for his day.
He won’t give up TV for anything in the world. He watches the programmes with great concentration. Even during commercials he won’t leave the screen.
He puts the TV on when he’s got nothing better to do. For him TV is the last resort. He only watches it when it is raining or when he’s ill.
T: Thank you,Alina. Any questions?
P4: What about you? What sort of viewer are you?
Alina: The bored, I think.
T: That was good. You have worked hard. Your mark is…
And now some more inventions. After that you will make up mini-dialogues.
VII. Упражнение учащихся в чтении текста.
T: Now boys and girls, you’ll read a text “Children and Computers”.
What do you think the text is about according to the title?
P5: I think it is about how computers influence children’s health.
T: Any other opinions?
P6: May be it is about using computers in education process?
T: Who else? No variants. Well, read the text carefully and see if you were correct. Begin with the notes given below. They’ll help you to understand better.
CHILDREN AND COMPUTERS
One of the greatest advances in modern technology has been the invention of computers. They help us, fascinate us and occasionally scare us. The latest fear concerns children and computers. Some experts claim that brothers and sisters are starting to play more with computers than with one another, and that computers are distancing children from their parents.
Most computer games are violent. Adult computer addicts are familiar figures: pale people who sit in front of green screens hour after hour. That is their choice. But the idea of a child living in front of a flashing green screen is less acceptable. Canadian child psychologist James Norton explains: “These are children with few friends, afraid of making conversation. They cannot concentrate for long periods of time except in front of the screen. If the computer games they play are violent,” she adds, “they become indifferent to violence.”
James Norton sees a good number of troubled children. They usually persuade their parents to buy them a computer by saying it will help their education. Computers, after all, are a central part of education today. Some educationalists enthusiastically look forward to the day when every child will have a personal computer in the class room and the class teacher will be nothing but a technician. That is not particularly appealing either, although with the current lack of teachers someone may decide it makes good economic sense. James Norton disapproves of such an attitude, “it is relationships with the teacher and the other pupils that make you learn”.
We may be at a sort of crossroads. It is a question of whether we use the machines wisely or stupidly in bringing up children. “The computer”, says the child psychologist, “is only a surface problem, but the real problem is not computers. It is parents who have forgotten how to be parents; or don’t have confidence. I wish them to start worrying about what is happening”.
Advances – достижения except – кроме как (только)
Fascinate – очаровывают few – мало
Scare –пугают troubled - проблемные
Fear – опасение, страх persuade – убеждают
Claim –утверждают a good number of – большое количество
To distance – отдалять to appeal - привлекать
Adult – взрослые to disapprove- не одобрять
Addicts – зависимые sense – смысл
Familiar – знакомые bringing up – воспитание
Less acceptable – менее приемлема a surface problem – поверхностная проблема
Don’t have the confidence – не уверены в себе
Ready? Did you guess right?
P6: To some extent I did. But it is also about the problem of communication between children and parents, brothers and sisters and between classmates.
T: Well, I see. Now read the text again. Then we will check how well you understood it. There are 5 tasks with 4 variants of answers. Only one of them is correct. Choose the answer which fits best according to the text. (TEST reading Children and computers)
1.People are worried that children’s dependence on computers may result in
1) serious learning difficulties.
2) serious problems with health.
3) families having communication problems.
4) permanent anxieties.
2. The idea of computer-dependent adults is acceptable because
1) they can control their violent imaginations easily.
2) they are old enough to make their own decisions.
3) they cannot stop looking at the flashing screen.
4) they don’t only use the computers for game.
3. Computer-dependent children
1) can concentrate in front of the screen for short periods only.
2) become violent or aggressive.
3) find it hard to communicate with other children.
4) stammer more often then other children.
4. Some experts believe that in the future
1) every child will have a PC in the classroom.
2) it will be too expensive to give each schoolchild a computer.
3) children will be educated at home using computers.
4) most teaching will be done by computers.
5. What is the real problem behind children’s dependence on computers according to the child psychologist?
1) Children’s learning can be slowed down.
2) Parents do not participate in their children’s education.
3) Children regard computers as toys, not tools.
4) Parents don’t have confidence when using computers.
VIII. Итоги урока.
T: People have invented a lot of useful things to make their life more comfortable. Almost every day a new technique or product appears in the world. But we always need something more useful, more effective and more comfortable.
If you could invent anything you like, what would it be? At home make a short story about it in a written form. It is ex. 2 on page 240.
And now I want to know what you think about today’s lesson. Was it useful? Did you feel comfortable? Did you like it?
Thank you. The lesson is over. You may be free. Good bye.
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